安徽快3走势图


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浅谈精益生产管理模式在装备制造业中的应用

作者:精益生产管理专家分类:精益生产管理类时间:2020-08-24 15:46:07

ZHUANGBEIZHIZAOYESHIZHIZAOYEDEHEXINZUCHENGBUFEN,SHIGUOMINJINGJIFAZHANTEBIESHIGONGYEFAZHANDEJICHU。JIANLIQIQIANGDADEZHUANGBEIZHIZAOYESHITIGAOZHONGGUOZONGHEGUOLI,SHIXIANGONGYEHUADEGENBENBAOZHENG。ZHUANGBEIZHIZAOYEJUYOUJIAOQIANGDEDANJIZHIZAONENGLI,DANWEINENGXINGCHENG“YINJINYIXIAOHUAYIXISHOUYICHUANGXIN”DELIANGXINGXUNHUAN,ZAIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGRENGCUNZAIYIXIEWEIXINGCHENGCHANYELIANDENGJIDAIJIEJUEDEWENTI。WEILEJIEJUEZHEIXIEWENTI,JIXUYINRUXIANJINDEGUANLISIXIANG,ZHENGHEZIYUAN,SHIXIANQIYEJIANZIYUANGONGXIANG,YINGDESHICHANGJINGZHENG。

装备制造业中精益生产管理模式的应用(图1)

安徽快3走势图JINGYISHENGCHAN(Lean Production,LP)GUANLIMOSHISHIFENGTIANYINGERTICHUDEXIANJINSHENGCHANFANGSHI,ZHUNSHIHUASHENGCHANSHIJINGYISHENGCHANDEQIYUANHEHEXIN,KANBANCAOZUOSHISHISHIZHUNSHIHUASHENGCHANDEJUTICUOSHI,SHIDUISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGGEGONGXUSHENGCHANHUODONGJINXINGKONGZHIDEXINXIXITONG。QIZHIDAOSIXIANGSHITONGGUOSHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHENGTIYOUHUA,GAIJINJISHU,LISHUNWULIU,DUJUECHAOLIANGSHENGCHAN,YOUXIAOLIYONGZIYUAN,JIANGDICHENGBEN,GAISHANZHILIANG,DADAOYONGZUISHAODETOURUSHIXIANZUIDACHANCHUDEMUDE。

装备制造业中精益生产管理模式的应用(图2)

至今,精益生产管理安徽快3走势图模式已经被中国许多企业引入并推广,但是并不十分成功,其原因主要在于不能根据企业实际情况进行改进以及不能把握LP的精髓,往往形式大于内容。由此,根据装备制造业的结构和生产特点以及存在的问题,引入集成精益生产管理模式,利用其拉动式准时化生产、看板管理等优势,进一步整合资源、优化生产过程,为装备制造业成为具有国际竞争力的新型装备制造业产业基地,提供理论依据,通过实例应用有助于更深刻地理解、认识以及推广精益生产管理模式。

一.装备制造业现状分析

ZHUANGBEIZHIZAOYESHISHENGCHAN“SHEBEI”HESHENGCHAN“SHENGCHANSHEBEIDESHEBEI”DEZHIZAOYEZONGCHENG,JUYOUZIJINMIJI、JISHUMIJIYIJILAODONGMIJIDENGXINGYETEDIAN。

GENJUZHUANGBEIZHIZAOYEDETEDIAN ,JINGGUODUISHIJIJIAZHUANGPEIZHIZAOXINGQIYEDESHIJIDIAOYAN,FAXIANQIYEZAISHENGCHANZUZHI、JINGYINGGUANLI、XIANJINJIHUAYUDIAODUYIJIXIAOSHOUGUANLIDENGFANGMIANCUNZAIBUTONGCHENGDUDEWENTI:

安徽快3走势图①SHENGCHANZUZHIFANGMIANCUNZAIRONGYU、XIAOLVDI,XINXIGONGXIANGDUDI,QUEFAXIETONGSHOUDUANHEJIZHIDENGWENTI。

② JINGYINGGUANLIFANGMIANDEZIDONGHUACHENGDUDI,YUQITAYEWUFANGMIANDEXINXIBUJICHENG、BUGONGXIANG;QUEFAXIANJINDETONGJI、FENXI、YUCEJIJUECESHOUDUAN.

安徽快3走势图③XIANXINGDESHENGCHANJIHUADUOCAIYONGCHUANTONGDEMRPTUISHIJIHUAFANGSHI,ERZHEIZHONGSHENGCHANJIHUAFANGSHIBUSHIYINGMOUXIEDAXING、JINGMIDUGAODECHANPINSHENGCHANXUQIU。

安徽快3走势图④ GEJISHENGCHANMUBIAODANYI,JIHUAQUEFAROUXINGHEWENDINGXING,QUEFAJICHENGDESHENGCHANJIHUA、KUCUNYIJICHENGBENGUANLI。

安徽快3走势图⑤XIAOSHOUXINXIHUAZHIHOU,XIAOSHOUBUMENBUNENGGONGXIANGQITABUMENDEXINXI,ZAOCHENGXINXIBUDUICHENG,YANZHONGYINGXIANGLEXIAOYI。

二.精益生产管理模式

①精益生产管理的概念及优越性

JINGYISHENGCHANGUANLI(LP)ZHIYUNYONGDUOZHONGXIANDAIGUANLIFANGFAHESHOUDUAN,YISHEHUIXUQIUWEIYIJU、CHONGFENFAHUIRENDEZUOYONG,YOUXIAOPEIZHIHEHELISHIYONGQIYEZIYUAN,ZUIDAXIANDUWEIQIYEMOUQIUJINGJIXIAOYIDEYIZHONGXINXINGSHENGCHANFANGSHI。TASHIZHONGXINSUZAOYIGEQIYE,SHIZHICHENGWEIJINGGANDE、GAODUROUXINGDE、DICHENGBENDEZHANLVEWUQI 。(TIANXINGJIANZIXUNYIJIAZHUANZHUYUJINGYISHENGCHANGUANLI,LIUXIGEMAGUANLIPEIXUNZIXUNYUXIANGMUFUDAODEGUANLIZIXUNGONGSI)LPJISHIYIZHONGXINDEGUANLILINIAN,YOUSHIYIGEXINDESHENGCHANFANGSHI,SHIJIDALIANGSHENGCHANFANGSHI(MP)ZHIHOUCHUXIANDEJUYOUHUASHIDAIYIYIDEGUANLIFANGSHI,YOUQIDUIYUZHUANGBEIZHIZAOYELAISHUOGAIJINLEHENDUOMPDEQUEXIANHEBUZU。JINGYISHENGCHANGUANLIMOSHIYOUHENDUOYOUYUEXING,BAOKUOJIANSHAOLERENLIZIYUAN、SUODUANLEXINCHANPINDEKAIFAZHOUQI、ZAIZHIPINHECHENGPINKUCUNJINLIANGSHIXIANLINGKUCUN,ZUIZHONGYAODESHICHANPINZHILIANGYOULEDAFUTIGAO,BIAO1WEIRIBENMOUSIGEGONGSICAIYONGLPDEXIAOGUOBIAO。

装备制造业中精益生产管理模式的应用(图3)

YOUBIAO1KEYIKANCHU,LPTUIXING2—4NIANHOUZAIKUCUN、ZHIZAOZHOUQI、LAODONGSHENGCHANLVSANGEFANGMIANDOUYOUDAFUDUDETIGAO,BIRUAGONGSIKUCUNJIANSHAO45%,BGONGSILAODONGSHENGCHANLVTIGAO80%。

②精益生产管理的组成要素

对于精益生产管理的组成和构成要素的组成存在不同的观点,CUA等圈认为精益生产包含三个部分,即准时化生产(JIT)、全面质量管理(TQM)、全面生产维护(TPM安徽快3走势图), 后来有学者加入第四个元素人力资源管理。从118家制造企业为研究样本进行实例研究,得出员工参与正向影响TQM/TPM,但对JIT的实施并没有直接的影响,TQM 正向影响TPM 的实施,TQM、TPM 正向影响JlT,且TQM 通过TPM 间接影响JIT。

装备制造业中精益生产管理模式的应用(图4)

三.装备制造业采用精益生产管理实例应用

GENJUZHUANGBEIZHIZAOYEDETEDIANYIJICUNZAIDEWENTI,JIEZHUJIT、TPM、TQM SANZHEZHIJIANDEGUANXI,WEILEGENGHAODICHANSHULPZAIZHUANGBEIZHIZAOYEDEJUTIYINGYONGQINGKUANG,XIAMIANYIMOUZHUANGPEIXINGQIYEWEILIJIAYISHUOMING。

GAIQIYEZHUYAOSHENGCHANGEZHONGDAXINGJI,QISHENGCHANLEIXINGSHULISANXINGCHENGPISHENGCHAN,SHENGCHANZUZHIFANGSHISHUMIANXIANGDINGDANSHENGCHAN。YINQIZAISHENGCHANZUZHI、JINGYINGGUANLIDENGFANGMIANCUNZAIYISHANGSUOSHUDEWENTI,DAOZHIQIYESHENGCHANLVDIXIA,YINGⅡXIANGQIYEFAZHAN。YOUQIQISHENGCHANDEMOULEICHANPINSHIYILEIDIANXINGJUYOUXUQIULIANGSHAO、JIEGOUFUZA、ZHIZAOGONGYIFUZADENGTEDIANDEGAOJISHUZHUANGPEI,DUIZHIZAOGUOCHENGDENGYOUTESHUDEYAOQIU,YINCI,JIXUYINJINXINDEZHIZAOMOSHI,CAIYONGLASHI(PulI)SHENGCHANFANGSHI。GENJUJINGYIZHIZAODESIXIANG,BENWENYUNYONGYUANGONGDECANYUYINSU,CHONGFENKAOLVLEKEZHUNSHIHUASHENGCHAN(JIT)、

安徽快3走势图QUANMIANZHILIANGGUANLI(TQM)YIJIQUANMIANSHENGCHANWEIHU(TPM)ZHIJIANDEYINGⅡXIANGGUANXI,TICHUGAIJINDECUOSHIRUXIA:

① GAIJINSHENGCHANJIHUAYUZUZHILIUCHENG,ZHONGZUGONGZHUANGSHEJIDEJIHUA,SUODUANZHUNBEIZHOUQI。

②YUANCAILIAO、ZAIZHIPINHECHENGPINTONGYIGUANLI,GAIBIANYUANYOUFENSHUBUTONGBUMENDEGUAN

③YICHENGBENWEIZHONGXINSHIXIANYITIHUAGUANLI

安徽快3走势图④ YINRUKEHUGUANXIGUANLI(Customer Relationship Management,CRM),TONGYIGUANLIKEHUYIJIHETONG。

安徽快3走势图⑤ DUIYUTESHUYEWU,SHIXINGDINGDANGUANLI,TIXIANFENBUSHIXIETONGZHIZAODESIXIANG。

GENJUGAIGONGSIDEYEWUXUQIU,FENXIQIGONGZUOLIUCHENG,CAIYONGJINGYISHENGCHANGUANLI,LIYONGYISHANGGAIJINCUOSHI,JIANLIJINGYISHENGCHANGUANLIXITONG,SHIXIANKANBANGUANLI,DEDAOGAIGONGSIZONGTIYEWUMOXINGRUTU1SUOSHI。

装备制造业中精益生产管理模式的应用(图5)

安徽快3走势图GENJUGAIGONGSIDEYEWUXUQIU,FENXIQIGONGZUOLIUCHENG,CAIYONGJINGYISHENGCHANGUANLI,LIYONGYISHANGGAIJINCUOSHI,JIANLIJINGYISHENGCHANGUANLIXITONG,SHIXIANKANBANGUANLI。JINGYINGBUMEN、SHENGCHANBUMEN、XIAOSHOUBUMEN、WUZIGONGYINGBUMENYIJICAIWUBUMENSHIGAIGONGSIDEHEXINBUMEN,FENBIEFUZEXIANGYINGDEYEWU,TONGSHIGEYEWUZHIJIANYOUSHIYOULIANXIDE,CONGJINGYINGDAOSHENGCHANDAOXIAOSHOU,TONGSHISHENGCHANYOUGENYUANCAILIAOCAIGOU、CHENGBENHESUANYIJIZAIZHIPINKUCUNXIANGGUANLIAN,SUOYOUDEBUMENYIJIYEWUXINGCHENGYIGEZHENGTI,YOUXIAOPEIZHIBINGQIEHELISHIYONGQIYEZIYUAN。(TIANXINGJIANZIXUNYIJIAZHUANZHUYUJINGYISHENGCHANGUANLI,LIUXIGEMAGUANLIPEIXUNZIXUNYUXIANGMUFUDAODEGUANLIZIXUNGONGSI)TONGGUOJIANLIJINGYISHENGCHANGUANLIXITONGSHIXIANYISHANGGAIJINCUOSHI,GAIGUANLIMOSHIDEYINRUJIANGBANGZHUGAIGONGSICONGGENBENSHANGGAIBIANXIANXINGDESHENGCHANZUZHILIUCHENGBUSHUN、XINXIBUTONGCHANG、JIHUAZUZHIFANGFAYUGUANLISHOUDUANLUOHOU、JINGYINGHUODONGYIWANCHENGRENWUWEIWEIYIMUBIAO,HUSHICHENGBENDEXIANZHUANGHEBIDUANDEXIANZHUANG,SHULIMIANXIANGMOUCHANPINWEIZHU、YICHENGBENWEIZHONGXIN、YONGHUXUQIU(DINGDAN)QUDONGDESHENGCHANJINGYINGLINIAN。JIANLINENGGOUSHIYINGQIYEDUOZHONGSHENGCHANFANGSHIDESHENGCHANJINGYINGGUANLIPINGTAI,SHIXIANCONGKEHUQIANDINGDINGDANKAISHI。SHIXIANYITIHUAGUANLI,YOUHUAQIYEZIYUANPEIZHI,JIANGDIYUANCAILIAOKUCUNZIJINHECHANPINCHENGBEN、SUODUANSHENGCHANZHOUQI、TIGAOSHENGCHANROUXINGHEKUAISUXIANGYINGGUKEXUQIU。

装备制造业中精益生产管理模式的应用(图6)

四.精益生产管理模式在装备制造业中的应用结论

ZHUANGBEIZHIZAOYEXIANGJIAOQITAZHIZAOYEYOUQIDUTEDETEDIAN,WEITIGAOSHENGCHANLV,ZUIDAHUAZENGDAQIYEXIAOYI,YINRUXIANJINDEGUANLITIXISHIZAIBIXING。BENWENYIKANBANGUANLIWEIHEXIN,JIT、TPM YIJITQMZHIJIANDEGUANXIWEIZHIDAOSIXIANG,TONGGUOMOUZHUANGPEIZHIZAOXINGQIYEJINGYISHENGCHANGUANLIMOSHIDEYINRUYINGYONG,DAPOLEYUANYOUGUANLIMOSHI,GENJUQIYESHIJIQINGKUANG,TICHULEFUHEQIYETEDIANDEJINGYISHENGCHANGUANLIMOSHIYIJIGAIJINDECUOSHI,WEIQITASHISHIJINGYISHENGCHANGUANLIMOSHIDEZHUANGPEIZHIZAOXINGQIYEQIDAOYIDINGDEJIEJIANZUOYONG。



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