安徽快3走势图

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【精益管理】精益生产的定义和特征

作者:天行健咨询分类:精益生产管理类时间:2018-06-04 17:55:54

精益生产的定义

安徽快3走势图JINGYISHENGCHANDESHIJIANYOURIBENRENKAISHIDAOXIANZAIYIYOUBANGESHIJIDESHIJIAN,DANBATATIGAODAOLILUNSHANGLAIYANJIUZEJINJINSHIZUIJINJINIANDESHI。MAQUELIGONGXUEYUANDEJIAOSHOUMENBAZHEIZHONGSHENGCHANFANGSHICHENGWEI“JINGYISHENGCHAN”,DANZAILUNSHUJINGYISHENGCHANDEJINGDIANZHUZUO《GAIBIANSHIJIEDEJIQI》YISHUZHONG,QUEWEIJIANJICHUJINGYISHENGCHANDEQUEQIEDINGYI;CICHUWOMENYINYONGBEIJINGHANGKONGHANGTIANDAXUEYANGGUANGJINGJIAOSHOUJIJINGYISHENGCHANXIADEDINGYI:

安徽快3走势图“JINGYISHENGCHANSHITONGGUOXITONGJIEGOU、RENYUANZUZHI、YUNXINGFANGSHIHESHICHANGGONGQIUDENGFANGMIANDEBIANGE,SHISHENGCHANXITONGNENGHENKUAISHIYINGYONGHUXUQIUBUDUANBIANHUA,BINGNENGSHISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONGYIQIEWUYONG、DUOYUDEDONGXIBEIJINGJIAN,ZUIZHONGDADAOBAOKUOSHICHANGGONGXIAOZAINEIDESHENGCHANDEGEFANGMIANZUIHAODEJIEGUO”。

精益生产与大批量生产方式的比较


BIJIAOXIANGMU

精益生产方式

DAPIDALIANGSHENGCHANFANGSHI

SHENGCHANMUBIAO

ZHUIQIUJINSHANJINMEI

JINKENENGHAO

GUANLIFANGSHI

QUANLIXIAFANG

BAOTASHI

GONGZUOFANGSHI

JICHENG,DUONENG,ZONGHEGONGZUOZU

FENGONG,ZHUANMENHUA

CHANPINTEZHENG

MIANXIANGYONGHU、SHENGCHANZHOUQIDUAN

SHULIANGHENDADEBIAOZHUNHUACHANPIN

GONGHUOFANGSHI

JITFANGSHI,LINGKUCUN

DAKUCUNHUANCHONG

CHANPINZHILIANG

安徽快3走势图YOUGONGRENBAOZHENG,ZHILIANGGAO,LINGQUEXIAN

JIANYANBUMENSHIHOUBAGUAN

FANXIULV

JIHUWEILING

HENDA

ZIDONGHUA

ROUXINGZIDONGHUA,DANJINLIANGJINGJIAN

GANGXINGZIDONGHUA

SHENGCHANZUZHI

JINGJIANYIQIEDUOYUHUANJIE

ZUZHIJIGOUPANGDA

SHEJIFANGSHI

BINGXINGFANGSHI

CHUANXINGMOSHI

GONGZUOGUANXI

JITIZHUYIJINGSHEN

XIANGHUFENGBI

YONGHUGUANXI

安徽快3走势图YIYONGHUWEISHANGDI,CHANPINMIANXIANGYONGHU

安徽快3走势图YIYONGHUWEISHANGDI,DANCHANPINSHAOBIAN

GONGYINGSHANG

TONGZHOUGONGJI、SHENGSIYUGONG

HUBUXINREN,WUZHANGQIDASUAN

GUYUANGUANXI

ZHONGSHENGUYONG,YIQIYEWEIJIA

KESUISHIJIEGU,GONGZUOWUBAOZHANG

精益生产的特征

在《改变世界的机器》一书中,精益生产的归纳者们从五个方面论述了精益生产企业的特征。这五个方面是:工厂组织、产品设计、供货环节、顾客和企业管理。归纳起来,精益生产的主要特征为:对外以用户为“上帝”,对内以“人”为中心,在组织机构上以“精简”为手段,在工作方法上采用“Team Work”和“并行设计”,在供货方式上采用“JIT”方式,在最终目标方面为“零缺陷”。

【精益管理】精益生产的定义和特征

1)以用户为“上帝”

安徽快3走势图CHANPINMIANXIANGYONGHU,YUYONGHUBAOCHIMIQIELIANXI,JIANGYONGHUNARUCHANPINKAIFAGUOCHENG,YIDUOBIANDECHANPIN,JINKENENGDUANDEJIAOHUOQILAIMANZUYONGHUDEXUQIU,ZHENZHENGTIXIANYONGHUSHI“SHANGDI”DEJINGSHEN。BUJINYAOXIANGYONGHUTIGONGZHOUDAODEFUWU,ERQIEYAODONGXIYONGHUDESIXIANGHEYAOQIU,CAINENGSHENGCHANCHUSHIXIAODUILUDECHANPIN。CHANPINDESHIXIAOXING、SHIYIDEJIAGE、YOULIANGDEZHILIANG、KUAIDEJIAOHUOSUDU、YOUZHIDEFUWUSHIMIANXIANGYONGHUDEJIBENNEIRONG。

2)以“人”为中心

RENSHIQIYEYIQIEHUODONGDEZHUTI,YINGYIRENWEIZHONGXIN,DALITUIXINGDULIZIZHUDEXIAOZUHUAGONGZUOFANGSHI。CHONGFENFAHUIYIXIANZHIGONGDEJIJIXINGHECHUANGZAOXING,SHITAMENJIJIWEIGAIJINCHANPINDEZHILIANGXIANJIXIANCE,SHIYIXIANGONGRENZHENZHENGCHENGWEI“LINGQUEXIAN”SHENGCHANDEZHULIJUN。WEICI,QIYEDUIZHIGONGJINXINGAICHANGRUJIADEJIAOYU,BINGCONGZHIDUSHANGBAOZHENGZHIGONGDELIYIYUQIYEDELIYIGUAGOU。YINGXIAFANGBUFENQUANLI,SHIRENRENYOUQUAN、YOUZEREN、YOUYIWUSUISHIJIEJUEPENGDAODEWENTI。HAIYAOMANZURENMENXUEXIXINZHISHIHESHIXIANZIWOJIAZHIDEYUANWANG,XINGCHENGDUTEDE,JUYOUJINGZHENGYISHIDEANHUIKUAI3ZOUSHITU。

3)以“精简”为手段

ZAIZUZHIJIGOUFANGMIANSHIXINGJINGJIANHUA,QUDIAOYIQIEDUOYUDEHUANJIEHERENYUAN。SHIXIANZONGXIANGJIANSHAOCENGCI,HENGXIANGDAPOBUMENBILEI,JIANGCENGCIXIFENGONG,GUANLIMOSHIZHUANHUAWEIFENBUSHIPINGXINGWANGLUODEGUANLIJIEGOU。ZAISHENGCHANGUOCHENGZHONG,CAIYONGXIANJINDEROUXINGJIAGONGSHEBEI,JIANSHAOFEIZHIJIESHENGCHANGONGRENDESHULIANG,SHIMEIGEGONGRENDOUZHENZHENGDUICHANPINSHIXIANZENGZHI。LINGWAI,CAIYONGJITHEKanbanFANGSHIGUANLIWULIU,DAFUDUJIANSHAOSHENZHISHIXIANLINGKUCUN,YEJIANSHAOLEKUCUNGUANLIRENYUAN、SHEBEIHECHANGSUO。CIWAI,JINGYIBUJINJINSHIZHIJIANSHAOSHENGCHANGUOCHENGDEFUZAXING,HAIBAOKUOZAIJIANSHAOCHANPINFUZAXINGDETONGSHI,TIGONGDUOYANGHUADECHANPIN。

4)TeamWork和并行设计

JINGYISHENGCHANQIANGDIAOTeam WorkGONGZUOFANGSHIJINXINGCHANPINDEBINGXINGSHEJI。Team Work(ZONGHEGONGZUOZU)SHIZHIYOUQIYEBEIBUMENZHUANYERENYUANZUCHENGDEDUOGONGNENGSHEJIZU,DUICHANPINDEKAIFAHESHENGCHANJUYOUHENQIANGDEZHIDAOHEJICHENGNENGLI。ZONGHEGONGZUOZUQUANMIANFUZEYIGECHANPINXINGHAODEKAIFAHESHENGCHAN,BAOKUOCHANPINSHEJI、GONGYISHEJI、BIANZHIYUSUAN、CAILIAOGOUZHI、SHENGCHANZHUNBEIJITOUCHANDENGGONGZUO。BINGGENJUSHIJIQINGKUANGDIAOZHENGYUANYOUDESHEJIHEJIHUA。ZONGHEGONGZUOZUSHIQIYEJICHENGGEFANGMIANRENCAIDEYIZHONGZUZHIXINGSHI。

5)JIT供货方式

JITGONGZUOFANGSHIKEYIBAOZHENGZUIXIAODEKUCUNHEZUISHAOZAIZHIPINSHU。WEILESHIXIANZHEIZHONGGONGHUOFANGSHI,YINGYUGONGHUOSHANGJIANLIQILIANGHAODEHEZUOGUANXI,XIANGHUXINREN,XIANGHUZHICHI,LIYIGONGZHAN。

6)“零缺陷”工作目标

安徽快3走势图JINGYISHENGCHANSUOZHUIQIUDEMUBIAOBUSHI“JINKENENGHAOYIXIE”,ERSHI“LINGQUEXIAN”。JIZUIDIDECHENGBEN、ZUIHAODEZHILIANG、WUFEIPIN、LINGKUCUNYUCHANPINDEDUOYANGXING。DANGRAN,ZHEIYANGDEJINGJIEZHISHIYIZHONGLIXIANGJINGJIE,DANYINGWUZHIJINGDIQUZHUIQIUZHEIYIMUBIAO,CAIHUISHIQIYEYONGYUANBAOCHIJINBU,YONGYUANZOUZAITARENDEQIANTOU。

精益生产的体系构成

安徽快3走势图RUGUOBAJINGYISHENGCHANTIXIKANZUOYICHUANGDASHA,TADEJICHUJIUSHIZAIJISUANJIWANGLUOZHICHIXIADE、YIXIAOZUFANGSHIGONGZUODEBINGXINGGONGZUOFANGSHI。ZAICIJICHUSHANGDESANGENZHIZHUJIUSHI:


1)QUANMIANZHILIANGGUANLI,TASHIBAOZHENGCHANPINZHILIANG,DADAOLINGQUEXIANMUBIAODEZHUYAOCUOSHI;

2)ZHUNSHISHENGCHANHELINGKUCUN,TASHISUODUANSHENGCHANZHOUQIHEJIANGDISHENGCHANCHENGBENDEZHUYAOFANGFA;

3)CHENGZUJISHU,ZHEISHISHIXIANDUOPINZHONG、ANGUKEDINGDANZUZHISHENGCHAN、KUODAPILIANG、JIANGDICHENGBENDEJISHUJICHU。ZHEICHUANGDASHADEWUDINGJIUSHIJINGYISHENGCHANTIXI。

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