安徽快3走势图

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短时间内对制造型企业进行精益管理诊断的四步法

作者:天行健精益生产咨询顾问分类:精益生产管理资讯时间:2019-10-18 14:32:13

导读:精益生产是制造业提升效率和竞争力的重要思想和方法论,众多的企业都想要通过精益生产安徽快3走势图提升企业竞争力。那如何在短时间内对制造型企业进行精益管理诊断,开出改善良方呢?古有扁鹊的“望闻问切”四诊法,今日且听精益诊断“看听问理”四诊法。


第一法,“看”:最直观地获得对该工厂整体效率的印象。


一看员工的工作节奏和表情。员工的工作节奏代表的时间分析和现场管理的水平,员工的表情轻松代表他的工作很顺畅,较少被异常所打断。


ERKANYUANGONGSHIFOUPINFANZOUDONG。LIKAIGANGWEI,BIAOSHICHEJIANYICHANGFASHENGDUOSHAO,YIJIRENYUANDELIYONGLV。RUGUOYUANGONGPINFANLIKAIGANGWEI,XIANCHANGZOUDONGDERENJIAODUO,NEIMEKEYISHUOMINGLIUCHENGSHEJISHANGYOUWENTI,GUANLISHUIPINGCHA。


SANKANCHANPINSHIFOULIUDONG。GUOCHENGSHIFOUYOUDENGDAI,YOUMEIYOUHENHAODELIUDONGQILAI。GONGXUZHIJIANRUOCUNZAIDENGDAISHUOMINGCHANXIANSHEJIPINGHENGLVBUHAO,ZHICHENGBUWENDING。JINGYISHENGCHANCUJINZHONGXIN。


SIKANZAIZHIPINKUCUNSHIFOUKEKONG。GEGONGXUZHIJIANDEZAIZHIPINSHULIANGHEYUANCAILIAOKUCUNSHULIANGSHITONGGUOSHEJIJISUANCHULAIDE,SHIKEKONGZHIDE,ZUIHAOSHIYOUWULIXIANZHI,BUKEKONGZESHIYOUGONGRENJINGYANHUOZHELIUGUOLAIDUOSHAOZUODUOSHAO。


ZAIZHIPINDESHULIANGHEKEKONGXINGSHIFEICHANGZHIGUAN、YOUDAIBIAOXINGDEJINGYIZHIBIAO,ZHUYI:HENDUOSHIHOUDANGNIFAXIANXIANCHANGXIANGQINGCHANGYIYANGDELINGKUCUN,HENYOUKENENGSHIZUOXIUJINIKANDE。


安徽快3走势图WUKANSHEBEIKAIDONGLV。BIAOSHIGONGCHANGCHANNENGLIYONGQINGKUANGHEDINGDANLIANGZHUANGKUANG,CHUBULEJIEGUANLICENGDEGUANZHUFANGXIANGSHI“HUOXIALAI”HAISHI“ZHANGPANGXIE”。


LIUKANYICHANGPIN。YICHANGPINBAOKUOLEBUQUEDINGZHUANGTAIDEZAIZHIPINHUOCAILIAO,YOUZHILIANGQUEXIANDEZAIZHIPINHECAILIAO,CONGSHULIANGHEQUEXIANLEIXINGDATIKEYIPINGJIAGONGCHANGDEZHICHENGLIANGLVSHUIPING,GONGYINGSHANGDEZHILIANGSHUIPING。


QIKANCHANPIN、WULIULUXIAN。YIFANGMIANSHIZHISHEBEIBUJU,HENDUODOUSHIJIQUNSHISHEBEIBUJU,ZHEIJIUSHIBIHUIZAOCHENGWULIULUXIANBIJIAOZHANGQIECUNYOUDALIANGKUCUN;LINGWAIYIFANGMIANSHIZHIWULIAOPEISONG,YOUWUPEISONGGUIZEJIPEISONGLUXIANYIJIWULIURENYUANDEBIAOZHUNZUOYE。


JIANDANDEZONGJIEWEI:KANBIAOZHUN、ZHAOWENTI、ZHUIZHENYIN。


安徽快3走势图YIGEYOUXIAOLVDEJINGYIGONGCHANGYINGGAISHIXIANCHANG5SJIAOHAO,LIUDONGSHUNCHANG,KUCUNKEKONG,JINGJINGYOUTIAO,YUANGONGGESIQIZHI,QINGSONGGONGZUO。TONGGUOGUANCHA,DAGAIJIUKEYIPANDUANCHUGAIQIYEXIANJIEDUANDEGUANLISHUIPING。


第二法,“听”:直观了解流程的稳定性。


YITINGCHEJIANSHIFOUYOUQIGUAIDEYIXIANG。YOUSHIZAIGONGCHANGTURANTINGDAODINGDINGDANGDANGDEQIAOJISHENG,YIBANBUSHICHANPINFANXIU,JIUSHIGONGJUGONGYIYOUWENTI。RUGUOZAOYINHENDA(RUBANJINCHONGCHUANG),YEXUYAOGUANZHUYUANGONGANQUANZHIYEJIANKANGFANGHU。


安徽快3走势图ERTINGANDENGBAOJINGSHENGHEPINLV。RUGUOXIANCHANGANZHUANGLEANDENG,QUEBANTIANDOUMEIYOURENHEDONGJING,DUOBANSHIANDENGMEIYOUQIDAOYINGYOUDEZUOYONG,JIUSHIGEBAISHE。RUGUOANDENGPINFANBAOJING(SANWUFENZHONGJIUXIANGYICI),YEKEYISHUOMINGXIANCHANGJIUHUOSHIJIANBIJIAODUO,LIUCHENGZHENGTIBUGOUWENDING。


安徽快3走势图SANTINGYOUMEIYOUYUANGONGHUHANYAOHESHENG。CHANGCHANGFASHENGDEQINGKUANG:“JIAOLIAOJIBENYONGHAN,GUANRENJIBENYONGHOU。”“JIAOZHIYUANBUMENBANTIANBULAI,LAILEJIUXIANGCHAOJIA。”ZHEIDOUSHIHENDIANXINGDEWEIYINRUJINGYISHENGCHANDEXIANCHANGXIANXIANG。


ZAIZHEILIJINYIBUKEYIYINZHENGWOMENQIANMIANDEDUIGAIQIYEGUANLISHUIPINGDEPANDUAN。


安徽快3走势图JIANDANGUINAWEI:TINGYICHANG,SHIZHUANGTAI。


第三法,“问”:获得企业参与者对企业现状的评价和反馈,了解公司文化。


YIWENXIANCHANGGONGREN,WENGONGRENMENJIGEWENTI,YINDAOTAMENDEHUIDA,HUOQUWOMENSUOGUANZHUDEXINXI。


NIDUINIXIANZAIDEGONGZUOMANYIME?YUQIDESHIBAOYUANHEZANSHANG。(KANYUANGONGMANYIDU)NIJINGCHANGXIANGNIDEZHUGUANTIJIANYIME?NITICHUDEJIANYIHUIHUODEZHUGUANDEFANKUIME?YUQIDESHIYESOR NO,YIJIYUANYIN。(KANSHANGXIAJIGOUTONGSHIFOUSHUNCHANG,YUANGONGSHIFOUYOUQUDAOHEYIYUANCANYUGONGSIGAIJIN)NIJUEDENIZHEIGEHUOERNANGANME?YUQIDESHIYES OR NO,YIJIYUANYIN。(KANZUOYEBIAOZHUNHUACHENGDU)NIJUEDENIZHEIGEGONGXUYOUSHENMEXUYAOGAIJINDEDIFANG?YUQIDESHIYIDADUIYOUDAIJIEJUEHUOYIJINGJIEJUELEDEWENTI。(KANGONGCHENGSHIMENSHIFOUSHENRUCHANXIANYIJITAMENDENENGLI)NIJUEDEZHEIHUOERGANZHELEIBULEI?NALITEBIELEI?YUQIDESHIYES OR NO,YIJIYUANYIN。


安徽快3走势图ERWENLINGBANXIANZHANG,TONGGUOJIAOTANLEJIELINGBANXIANZHANGMEITIANDOUCHULIXIESHENMESHIQING,NAXIESHIQINGZHANYONGTAMEITIANDEGONGZUOSHIJIANZUIDUO,NAXIESHIQINGZUIWEIJISHOU。(TONGGUOGUANCHAHEJIAOTANLEJIEDAOLINGBANXIANZHANGZHEIZHONGDIYIJIDEGUANLIGANBUDENENGLISHUIPING。)



SANWENZHUGUANJINGLI,LEJIEZHUGUANJINGLICENGJIRENYUANDEJINGYANJINGLINENGLI,DUIJINGYIDELEJIECHENGDU。GUANCHATAMENDEZHENGTISUZHI,DUIQIYEDETAIDU,JINGSHENMIANMAO。(TONGGUOJIAOTANHAIKEYILEJIEQIYEGAOCENGDEGUANLIFENGGE,PANDUANTUIXINGJINGYIDEZULIHEZHULI。)


SIWENCHANGZHANGZONGJINGLI,ZHONGDIANYAOGUANCHADESHILINGDAOCENGWEISHENMEYAOTUIXINGJINGYI,TADUIJINGYIDEYUQISHISHENME?TADUITUIXINGJINGYIDEJUEXINYOUDUOSHAO,SHI2000%,100%,80%HAISHI50%,YOUHUOZHESHIFUZHI?


安徽快3走势图JIANDANDEZONGJIEWEI:GAOCENGWENJINGYING、ZHONGCENGWENXINBING、JICENGWENFANGFA。


TONGGUOYOUMUDEDI“FANGTAN”QIYEGEGECENGJIDEYUANGONG,CHUBUKEYIPANDUANZAIGAIQIYETUIXINGJINGYISHENGCHANKENENGPENGDAODEZULIHEZHULI,LEJIEGEGECENGJIDETONGDIANHEGUANZHUDIAN。


DISIFA,“LI”:TONGGUOXINGZOU,CHUKANSHUJU,DUIQIYEDEWULIU,XINXILIU,SHIJIANLIU,ZIJINLIUSIGELIUHEGUANLIZHIBIAOJINXINGSHULIBAMAI。


结合前面三法的观察,进一步印证你的判断。


一理,梳理物流。


安徽快3走势图GUANZHUGONGYILIUCHENG,SHENGCHANBUJU。CONGCAILIAOJINCHANGDAOCHENGPINCHUCHANG,YANZHEGONGYILIUCHENGZAIGEGECHEJIANZOUYIBIAN,ZAIXINZHONGHUIZHIZHENGGEWULIUDEWANZHENGDITU。


ZAIZOUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,KANGONGYISHEJI,GONGZHUANGJIAJU,SHEBEIZHUANGKUANG,XIANTIDABUJUHEGONGWEIDEXIAOBUJU,LEJIEZHENGTIGONGYISHUIPING。


CHUBUCELIANGCHANXIANSHEJIJIEPAI,LEJIECHANNENGPINGJING,ZAIZHIPINDUIJIDIAN,LEJIEXINXICHUANDIFANGFA,GUANJIANZHILIANGFENGXIANDIAN,SHENGCHANJIHUADIAN,WULIAOGONGYINGLIU,CHENGPINCHETUI,LAJICHETUILUXIANDENG。


二理,梳理信息流。


了解从接单到发货整个价值流安徽快3走势图里面的信息流动,每个环节的前后并行关系,每个环节信息沟通的频次和方法媒介,所运用的系统模块(ERP,MES等),了解产品质量的可追溯性,了解过程控制中的信息获取点和获取内容。



三理,梳理时间流。


CANGUANYUANCAILIAOCANGKUHECHENGPINCANGKU,ZAIXINZHONGGOULESHIJIANLIU。YUANWULIAOZHANJITIAN,GUOCHENGZHANJITIAN,CHENGPINZHANJITIAN,DAGAIGUCECONGJIEDANDAOFAHUODEDUANDUIDUANDEZHOUQI。


安徽快3走势图LEJIEDAIZHIPIN(CAILIAOHECHENGPIN)DESHULIANGZHANBIHECHANSHENGYUANYIN。


四理,梳理资金流。


安徽快3走势图LEJIECHANPINDECHENGBENJIEGOU(RENSHI,CAILIAO,WEIHU,YEWUDENGGEBUFENFEIYONGGOUCHENG)。


五理,梳理管理指标。


YIBANGONGCHANGDOUHUISHIYONGDAODEYIXIEGUANLIZHIBIAOYOUXUDUO,RURENJUNCHANZHI,DANWEIMIANJICHANZHI,SHENGCHANLI,LIANGLV,BAOFEILVDENGDENG。


LIJIEQIYEWEISHENMEHUIXUANZEZHEIXIEZHIBIAO,YIJITAMENDEJISUANFANGFA,ZHONGDUODEZHIBIAOHETAMENDEQUSHI,KEYIBANGWOMENKUAISULEJIEZHEIGEQIYEZAIXINGYELIDEPAIMINGCHENGDU,DANGRANQIANTISHIWOMENXINZHONGYIJINGYOUGEDULIANGHENG。


SUIZHEJINGZHENGDEJIAJU,SHICHANGDUIQICHELINGBUJIANQIYEGENGSHIZAI“JISHU”HE“CHENGBEN”FANGMIANTICHUYUELAIYUEGAODEYAOQIU。XIANYOUDEZHONGGUOQICHELINGBUJIANQIYEBIXUDUIZISHENTEDIANJINXINGFENXI,RUHEMINGXIQIYEFAZHANZHANLVE,YOUXIAOJIANGDISHENGCHANCHENGBEN,TIGAOCHANPINZHILIANG,XINGCHENGXITONGHUAKAIFA、MOKUAIHUAZHIZAO、JICHENGHUAGONGHUOZHEIYANGDEQICHEPEIJIANCHANYEJIQUNHUAFAZHANMOSHI,CHENGWEIZHONGDUOQIYEMIANLINDEZHONGYAONANTI。

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